The major religions in the subcontinent are Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Christianity. Features of Buddhist Tibetan festivals may include the traditional cham dance, which is also a feature of some Buddhist festivals in India and Bhutan. Though the program is essentially Buddhist, it trains Buddhists from all lineages (Zen, Tibetan and Vipassana) as well as Jews and Christians, all from a wide variety of countries. People in Tibet are very devotional… you bring in that kind of teaching and you emphasize devotion and lead people through devotion. Before Buddhist teachings can be integrated, the tangible manifestions of the mind poisons of a given culture need to be addressed, … the big problem amongst Westerners is intellect – it’s a very intellectual culture… The Buddha said that the intellectual approach is actually further from the truth of dharma than anything else. Buddhism came from China in the 6th Century and the two religions have co-existed in Japan from that time. Hymns are commonly used in the Buddhist culture in ceremonies for making offerings or inviting the presence of Buddha and Bodhisattvas. Buddhist music developed when Buddhism spread to Tibet. Culture comes in many shapes and sizes. We’re conducting our annual survey to figure out what subjects matter to YOU. Buddhism forbids alcohol and other intoxicants because they may result in violations of others of the "Five Moral Precepts": no killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying or partaking of intoxicants. Cultural sensitivity training lays out how people can interact. Cultural Sensitivity And Culture Of Medicine And The Beliefs And Practices Of A Patient Essay 1816 Words | 8 Pages. The seven teachers selected for this project represent the Therevadan, Zen and Tibetan traditions… Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, Jack Kornfield, Roshi Joan Halifax, Ringu Tulku Rinpoche, Rob Nairn, Stephen Batchelor, and Jetsunma Tenzin Palmo. Buddhist clergy, as well as lay practitioners are available to assist those who are interested in these practices. Cultural sensitivity, also sometimes referred to as cross-cultural sensitivity or simply cultural awareness, is the knowledge, awareness, and acceptance of other cultures and others' cultural identities. Cultural Sensitivity and Global Health Michelle A. Cole and Christina B. Gunther Introduction O ne of the most noted fundamental teachings in many of the world’s religions is commonly referred to as the Golden Rule. Airline staff and crew come across people from various nationalities and cultures and each of these have their own unique practices and requirements. Broadly speaking, it represents our ends in contrast to means. Grade Level: College / Adult Curriculum: Life Skills / Careers Keywords: Culteral sensitivity, buddhism, Author(s): Dora Hamm, Janet Fox Then the culture may bring forth an adapted but authentic form of teachings and practices. Buddhism, Animism and Westernization also play a significant role in shaping the culture. Both culture and religion are social constructs. Shomyo (声明) is a style of Japanese Buddhist chant; mainly in the Tendai and Shingon sects. The central hall of the chaitya is arranged to allow for circumambulation of the stupa within it. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was applied in this study. Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche – Bhutanese-born Tibetan Buddhist master, author and filmmaker involved in preserving Buddhist teachings internationally. The Stupas hold the most important place among all the earliest Buddhist sculptures. A cultured man has grown, for culture comes from a word meaning \"to grow.\" In Buddhism the arahant is the perfect embodiment of culture. 1). These reached their highpoint in the first century BCE, exemplified by the cave complexes of Ajanta and Ellora (Maharashtra). The earliest existing example of a stupa is in Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh). He has emptied himself of all selfishness all greed, hatred, a… Cultural sensitivity is defined as “…the ability to recognise, understand, and react appropriately to behaviours of persons who belong to a cultural or ethnic group that differs substantially from one's own” (Porta & Last, 2018, para. Therefore, in the practice of Buddhism, hymns or fanbei have an important role in daily living, for example in repentance ceremonies. Unlike cultural sensitivity, cultural competence involves using one’s cultural knowledge to adjust one’s behaviour and attitude to the cultural environment or to the intercultural communication situation one is exposed to. ~ Dzongsar Khyentsem Rinpoche. Although Roshi Joan believes that the essential teachings and core practices remain at the heart of all Buddhist lineages, Roshi notes that western Buddhists have secularized Buddhism and brought engaged practice into daily life. The following scenarios address questions nurses have about providing culturally sensitive care. Buddhist music prominently includes Honkyoku, Buddhist chant, and Shomyo. These are the opening moments in a workshop on racial, cultural, and social class sensitivity in a teaching intern class at San Francisco State. The short answer is yes. The Next Question “How do you work with the cultural adaptation of Buddhism” and the responses from our seven teachers is coming soon…Stay Tuned. The five basic precepts provide any one in any culture with concrete guidance for a good life: …non-killing, non-stealing, sexual responsibility, non-lying… and abstinence in regard to intoxicants is a way to live in this world harmlessly and harmoniously. It gives expression to our nature in our manner of living and of thinking, in art, religion, ethical aspirations, and knowledge. Kornfield writes a great deal about the process of adapting and integrating Buddhism into the west. The second major influence on Thai Buddhism is Hindu beliefs received from Cambodia, particularly during the Sukhothai Kingdom. Buddhist culture is exemplified through Buddhist art, Buddhist architecture, Buddhist music and Buddhist cuisine. © 2020 Stillness Speaks®. Nairn notes that Buddhist teachings take a long time to integrate within any host country. Japanese festivals and Barua festivals often involve Buddhist culture, as do pagoda festivals held as fairs held at Buddhist temples in Myanmar. if we care about how we feel tomorrow (assuming we believe that tomorrow exists), it matters what we eat and do today. Judaism, founded in the eastern Mediterranean region some 4,000 years ago, posits a covenant relationship between God—the source of divine law—and humankind. rather we try to encourage people to dive more deeply into… their own tradition, but to observe the Sila, Samadhi and Prajna perspective and apply it as appropriate to their individual lives. Some Mahāyāna Buddhists in China and Vietnam also avoid eating strong-smelling plants such as onion, garlic, chives, shallot, and leek, and refer to these as wu hun (五葷, 'Five Spices'). In accordance with changes in religious practice, stupas were gradually incorporated into chaitya-grihas (stupa halls). Sign up for our email newsletter and we'll send you one of these amazing teachings for free. In accordance with this belief, human birth is viewed as the beginning of a highly precious opportunity. Buddhist Economics does not work to maximum consumption but human well-being, which lies in a simple, purposeful and dutiful life, in which rightful livelihood is earned. [2], Buddhism, which is also the first Indian religion to require large communal and monastic spaces, inspired three types of architecture; the first is the stupa, a significant object in Buddhist art and architecture. Cultural sensitivity implies that both groups understand and respect each other’s characteristics. Our privacy policy: We will not share your email address with anyone else, ever. Get the information you need to successfully communicate with and care for your patients. Similarly to Ringu Tulki Rinpoche, Nairn wants to meet westerners where they are able to be met, even though this place has its own poisons: Since the western mind is scientifically oriented it wants proof. Cultural Sensitivity creates behavior guidelines and changes behaviors for good; Cultural sensitivity helps people understand how they can change their actions in a positive way. Women becoming part of the active workforce is considered failure of the economic system, as women have to leave looking after the children to indulge in economic way-fare, while the children are untended for. The majority of the people in South Asia practice Hinduism. We also want to send our latest articles, videos, and podcasts via email once per week. He notes that Asian Buddhism is primarily monastic. This one is on Buddhism. I am sure the Croations will come up with their own cultural additions, as will the Poles, but I don’t think that’s a problem. These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals. to the first century B.C., Indian artists would make scriptures which revolved around the themes of the historical life of the Buddha and the previous lives of the Buddha. There are two styles: ryokyoku and rikkyoku, described as difficult and easy to remember, respectively. The teachings are controlled by a small group of senior monks which the junior sangha members (the sangha is the monastic community) obey without question. Rob Nairn – Zimbabwean-born teacher of meditation and Buddhism, author, and a pioneer of the adaptation of Buddhism for Westerners. As a thank you for signing up, you'll receive a video we produced that is unavailable anywhere else on the Internet. Questions and teacher responses are italicized. In the European culture, neurosis is the main issue…. Essay on Buddhist Theology: Spiritual Cultural Competency Assignment Unlike some people, I do not interpret Buddhism as asserting that God does not exist. Everything Buddha taught can be boiled down to “mindfulness” or “awareness.” Sitting posture serves mindfulness. Human beings must … The most visible influence is that of the Theravada school of Buddhism, imported from Sri Lanka. The history and culture of each country to which it spread affected its development, and over time, Buddhists exchanged ideas with people of many different faiths to the enrichment of all sides. [1] The reluctance towards anthropomorphic representations of the Buddha, and the sophisticated development of aniconic symbols to avoid it (even in narrative scenes where other human figures would appear), is believed to be connected 70 Buddha's sayings that disfavoured representations of himself after the extinction of his body. What is the Purpose of Buddhist Practice? Over time, maybe a  hundred years, practitioners gain some understandings and have some experiences. The teachers’ responses will be summarized over the next several weeks. A total of 230 valid questionnaires were completed. Get the information you need to successfully communicate with and care for your patients. Buddhism teaches that everything arises from causes and conditions, and the Dharma is no exception. A first, essentially Indian, aniconic phase (avoiding direct representations of the Buddha), was followed from around the 1st century CE by an iconic phase (with direct representations of the Buddha). Right here you can see a very famous hero so called the Sun Wakung, the monkey king. From the fifth century B.C. Ringu Tulku Rinpoche – Tibetan-born Buddhist master, non-sectarian, a scholar and author. So once again, Buddhism propagate itself by different means and by different stories. I believe my patient’s choice of treatment poses a risk to his well-being. Many festivals of Nepal are religious festivals involving Buddhism, as are many Burmese traditional festivals. Interest in global engagement among schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States and Asian countries is growing. Relevant Topics. Most Buddhist practices also involve chant in some form, and some also make use of instrumental music and even dance. To develop fruitful relationships and engage in mutually enriching experiences, the cultural aspects of these countries need to be understood and respected. cultural sensitivity and cultural competence. A separate and explicit training of different religions and cultures is an essential part of the overall training for all airport officials and crew members and the reason for this is quite apparent. The intention of the writer of this book is to support the transition of Buddhism into the West and beyond so that its extraordinary beauty and wisdom may be accessible to more people. Certain major Mahayana sutras show the Buddha forcefully denouncing meat-consumption and advocating vegetarianism (vegetarianism in Buddhism). This paper will discuss some of the cultural practices of Buddhists, as it relates to their beliefs, and the impact they have on the … Nairn’s experience has shown him the extent to which a group or culture is Europeanized makes an enormous impact on how it absorbs and integrates Buddhist teachings and practice. Cultural Sensitivity. Two types of structures are associated with early Buddhism: stupas and viharas. In his mind…. Buddhism also lays great stress on fasting on special days which helps revitalize the physical and spiritual being. Buddhist teachers form the east tend to view the neurotic westerner as unable to practice properly, unable to relate adequately to the Buddhist teaching, and are at a disadvantage. A lot of this can be done through psychology. The difference in greens meant Kashmir was shown as non-Indian, and the product was promptly banned in India. Buddhist art originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Gautama Buddha in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through the rest of Asia and the world. Participants were nurses who work at health centers in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. Religion: a particular system of faith and worship. He has grown to the apex, to the highest possible limit, of human evolution. This does not mean that people from these cultures do not suffer from these two problems: they merely do not organize … Stephen Batchelor – British ex-Buddhist monk, author, scholar and leading secular Buddhist advocate, In his succinct style, Stephen’s short response stands firmly on his secular footing…. We hope this series entices you to read the entire book. The definition of communication in healthcare, more specifically, the clinician-patient relationship, has changed dramatically over time. Major Celebrations/Secular Celebrations: 1st January - New Year’s Day; 15th January – Adults Day; 11th February – National Foundation Day ; 21st March – Spring equinox; 3rd May - Constitution Day; 4th May – Greenery Day (originally held on 29th April to commemorate Emperor Showa Ling Rinpoche, recognized as the reincarnation of the H.H. Based on the religion of the athletic trainer or the patient being treated, cultural sensitivity may need to be considered. Three major forces have influenced the development of Buddhism in Thailand. Text may be shared according to Creative Commons CC By-SA. Dzongsar Khyentsem suggests that all ritualistic activities in Buddhist practice are directed toward cultivating mindfulness. Your email address will not be published. Perhaps the patient was raised in a religion that views illness as punishment; how can that be detrimental to the treatment process? Any form of organ transplant has been viewed as a supreme form of generosity as well. The cultures focus on physical and rational, but religions do on spiritual and irrational. The third type is the chaitya, an assembly hall that contains a stupa (without relics). the divided between the culture of medicine and the beliefs and practices of a patient, communication would be enhanced. The chart below shows the different religions in South Asia and the percent of the more than 1.29 billion people who practice each of them. The NIC Diversity Committee sponsored a seminar with a Tibetan Lama on Thursday, Sept. 9. The Tibetan traditions of Buddhism encouraged the use of song and dance in certain ceremonies. As Buddhism expanded from the Indian subcontinent it adopted artistic and cultural elements of host countries in other parts of Asia. The Chicago Illinois Police Department presents a series of films on cultural and religious awareness. Purpose: This study analyzes the cultural sensitivity of community health nurses and related factors. Responding in a Culturally Sensitive Way to Those Who are Grieving. Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Great Festival of Fujisaki Hachimangu Shrine, "Buddhism and Buddhist Art | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "The Buddhist Architecture, Information on Buddhist Architecture, Guide to Buddhist Architecture, Buddhist Tourism", "Buddhism and Music - Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies - obo", "Buddhist Sacred Music | Sacred Music Radio", Sacred Visions: Early Paintings from Central Tibet,, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 00:43. The major religions in the subcontinent are Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Christianity. Western Buddhists are trained to think and understand for themselves and are less suited to the hierarchical models of the east. Welcome: Cultural Sensitivity Description: Buddhism has many traditions. The growing interest in mindfulness shows that there is an appreciation that a stable, well tamed mind brings happiness, Practices that allow the mind to rest, that bring clarity and focus along with an appreciation for simplicity are critical. A wide variety of instruments such as specialized types of drums, windpipes, spiral conches, and trumpets were used in larger ceremonies. One of the key challenges facing Buddhism today is to differentiate as clearly as possible between the beliefs and worldviews of ancient India in which its teachings are traditionally embedded (e.g reincarnation, hells and heavens) and the idea, values and practices that consitute its transcultural core (e.g. Meeting the mental health needs of the millions of immigrants from diverse cultural backgrounds and homelands who now live in the United States may require more than a thorough knowledge of psychiatry or psychology, according to a number of cultural psychiatric practitioners. Cultural Sensitivity for Psychiatrists. In the European culture, neurosis is the main issue…. Jack Kornfield – American teacher of Therevadan Buddhism, international author, and pioneer of meditation and Buddhism into America. In the earliest form of Buddhist art, the Buddha was not represented in human form but instead was represented using signs and symbols such as footprints or an empty throne. In China, Buddhism also became a part of the popular culture. This is because the Sanskrit and Tibetan languages lack equivalent terms for insensitivity and hypersensitivity. On a very basic level, the Stupa is a burial mound for the Buddha. The following examples demonstrate how a lack of cultural sensitivity led to failure. The questions and answers were compiled into a short book, 7 Questions for 7 Teachers which is available as a free PDF download. The medicines taken should not be intoxicating or affect the clarity of mind any way. December 1, 1998. I think if Buddhism is really going to make an extensive contribution…we’ve go to move more and more into … teaching stuff that’s provable in one way or another. Required fields are marked *. (Part 3). Nor does the Buddha make any assertions about the metaphysical nature or origin of the universe. It is known as zhāi cài (zhāi means "purification" or "discipline", cai means "cuisine" or "vegetable") in China, and shōjin ryōri (shōjin means "devotion", ryōri means "cuisine") in Japan, and by many other names in other countries. Roshi Joan Halifax – American Zen Buddhist teacher, hospice caregiver, environmentalist and engaged Buddhist. Cultural awareness knows that there are multiple different cultures – based on religion, ethnicity, nationality and other factors – that have different attitudes and outlooks. In addition, intoxicants cloud the mind and interfere with the concentration needed to achieve enlightenment. We welcome your donations to keep this project thriving. Birth: Buddhists believe in rebirth. Some Buddhist sects in China and Vietnam are forbidden onions, garlic, scallions, chives and leeks, which are known as "the five pungent spices". In India, Buddhist art flourished and even influenced the development of Hindu art, until Buddhism almost disappeared around the 10th century with the expansion of Hinduism and Islam. Buddhist vegetarian chefs have become extremely creative in imitating meat using prepared wheat gluten, also known as "seitan" or "wheat meat", soy (such as tofu or tempeh), agar, and other plant products. This is always a challenge, and even more so in large corporations where the dominant culture is the one employees are expected to adopt. Practices Practices which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, What is culture? There are numerous factors that influence this. An existing example is at Nālandā, (Bihar). My patient decided on a treatment to be performed by his spiritual healer. Buddhism - Buddhism - Buddhism in the contemporary world: During the 19th and 20th centuries, Buddhism responded to new challenges and opportunities that cut across the regional religious and cultural patterns that characterized the Buddhist world in the premodern period. Honkyoku are the pieces of shakuhachiyoku for enlightenment and alms as early as the 13th century. Introduction Western Australia is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural society. [4], In order to purify the hearts of listeners, Buddhist melodies are strong yet soft and pure. Buddhist chant is the chant used in or inspired by Buddhism, including many genres in many cultures. But if there are people who are more rational, then bring in that side, and use that (rational) method more. I want to be clear that neither my class nor this post is about racism per se. The Buddha never actually spoke on the existence of God. For example…. The most common questions that Kornfield hears from westerners are about how to integrate practice into daily life. Cultural sensitivity is defined as “…the ability to recognise, understand, and react appropriately to behaviours of persons who belong to a cultural or ethnic group that differs substantially from one's own”