The reason for the genus name seems pretty clear: in Greek Leontodon means lion´s tooth and this was (and still is) a common name of the dandelion in many languages. Wigg. The leaves do indeed resemble sharp teeth. Dandelions have at least two look-a-likes in our area, which can be considered second cousins once, maybe twice, removed from the common dandelion (or what I like to call true dandelion), which is naturalized from Europe. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale. Another recipe using the plant is dandelion flower jam. They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. Diploid dandelions have eight pairs of chromosomes, and meiosis is regular with normal pairing of homologous chromosomes at the metaphase I stage of meiosis. Types of Dandelions: Yellow The common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) sports an iconic bright-yellow flower and grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 10. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. 1962. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions, "Tropicos - Name - !Taraxacum officinale F.H. These European dandelions can be divided into two groups. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. [13] The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species,[16] subspecies and microspecies. [29], Carl Linnaeus named the species Leontodon taraxacum in 1753. [43], While the dandelion is considered a weed by most gardeners and especially lawn owners, the plant has several culinary uses. [25], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[26] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[27] swine's snout,[28] white endive, and wild endive. Among animals, for example, the species of horses and zebras form the genus Equus, whereas the hawksbill sea turtle is the only member of the genus Eretmochelys. [33], T. officinale can serve as an indicator plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favours soils deficient in the latter but rich in the former. It occurs in all 50 states of the US and most Canadian provinces. The lanceolate shaped bractlets are in two series, with the apices acuminate in shape. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. The common name dandelion from French dent-de-lion, meaning Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. [24] It is considered a noxious weed in some jurisdictions,[33] and is considered to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. The British notion was that when your health troubled you, dandelion was the cure. The silky pappi, which form the parachutes, are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. [30] The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. Cambridge University Press. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. It grows in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion. [54], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. The plant grows year round but goes dormant in areas that experience a cold winter. In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. In Berkshire and Worcestershire, the flowers are used in the preparation of a … The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. [25], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. The common name Dandelion is given to members of the genus Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. The specific name officinalis refers to its value as a medicinal herb, and is derived from the word opificina, later officina, meaning a workshop or pharmacy. The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. plantwatch.naturealberta.ca/choose-your-plants/common-dandelion However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. Registered charity number 207238. Even though dandelion pollen is of poor nutritional quality for honey bees, they readily consume it, and it can be an important source of nutritional diversity in heavily managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. Taraxacum, the old English word for dandelion, has its root in the Greek word taraxis, or trouble. As an adjective dandelion The most familiar species is T. officinale. The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. The dried Dandelion leaves are also employed as an ingredient in many digestive or diet drinks and herb beers. [51], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. Workmen in the furnaces and potteries of the industrial towns of the Midlands have frequent resource to many of the tonic Herb Beers, finding them cheaper and less intoxicating than ordinary beer, and Dandelion stout ranks as a favourite. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[24]. While most people consider dandelions to be pesky weeds in the garden, they also offer a variety of health benefits. The leaves are 5-25 cm long, simple and basal, entire or lobed, forming a rosette above the central taproot. [55] Rudenskaya et al. Dandelions are perennial, herbaceous plants that grow best in moist, sunny areas found in all parts of the northern temperate zone. Gledhill, David (2008). The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have sharp edges. Some botanists take a much narrower viewpoint, and only accept a total of about 60 species. David McKay, New York. – common dandelion. [32] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. [37] When released, the seeds can be spread by the wind up to several hundred meters from their source. The genus is taxonomically very complex, with numerous macrospecies, and polyploidy is also common; over 250 species have been recorded in the British Isles alone (Richards 1972). As nouns the difference between dandelion and blowball is that dandelion is (countable) any of the several species of plant in the genus taraxacum'', characterised yellow flower heads and notched, broad-ended leaves, especially the common dandelion (''taraxacum officinale ) while blowball is the downy seed head of a dandelion, a dandelion clock. [56], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. The most common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale. [5][6][7][8] The name "blowball" has also been used.[9]. Native … | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. The first group reproduces sexually, as do most seed plants. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. << Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers", "Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)", "The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day", "Taraxalisin -- a serine proteinase from dandelion Taraxacum officinale Webb s.l", Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_officinale&oldid=992995146, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:11. Still, it's likely that the Dandelion plants growing in your lawn are Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale subsp. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. [30], Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia,[31] and was originally imported to America as a food crop. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis[13][18] Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:[19][20], Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. [48] It has also been used in a saison ale called Pissenlit (the French word for dandelion, literally meaning "wet the bed") made by Brasserie Fantôme in Belgium. Green-veined White on Dandelion ©Katrina Martin/2020VISION, Looking a bit like a ragged version of a dandelion, Mouse-ear hawkweed has lemon-yellow flower heads that are tinged with red at their…, The green spaces of our towns and gardens bring nature into our daily lives, brightening our mornings with birdsong and the busy buzzing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. It is estimated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. Family: ASTERACEAE Genus: Taraxacum Species: Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Alternative Names: Taraxacum vulgare Common Dandelion Species Images Common Dandelion Species Description These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. [42], T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe. [citation needed]. Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale, also known as lion's tooth, puffball, blowball, and monk's head, is a major problem in home lawns, commercial turf, ornamental plantings, pastures, and tree and vine crops. Common dandelion. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. Dandelion greens are the leaves of the common dandelion plant, which many people think of as a weed. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. [50], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China. In the Asteraceae (formerly Compositae) the "flowers" are morphologically a composite flower head consisting of many tiny flowers called florets. T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. One example of a plant genus containing many species is Rosa, which contains more than 100 species of roses.In contrast, the genus Ginkgo is monotypic, containing only the common ginkgo (also called the maidenhair tree). [52], Taraxacum is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog (or tarakhshaqūn) for a bitter herb. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. It is found in virtually every kind of habitat, from openings in deep woods to cultivated fields, from rocky hillsides to fertile gardens and lawns. [47] Most of these are more accurately described as "dandelion-flavored wine," as some other sort of fermented juice or extract serves as the main ingredient. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. They are in the genus Taraxacum. The seedhead is shown below it. There are many different common names for the Taraxacum genus throughout the world originating from how the plant looks to what type of action it produces in the body. Taraxacum F.H. This may be culturally very true as alcoholism and cirrhosis of the liver are common problems in England , and dandelion is said to help the liver out. Alan Punton/A to Z Botanical Collection. The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower being visited by a flying insect (species unknown). [46], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. Dandelion and burdock is a soft drink that has long been popular in the United Kingdom. [53][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. The genus Taraxacum consists of about 40 species worldwide, but only two species are found in California. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. This species is a somewhat prolific seed producer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Common dandelion is the most common broadleaf weed in lawns, golf courses, athletic fields and other turfgrass areas. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. Subordinate Taxa. [35], The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. Genus. – dandelion. Wigg. Description. Common_Dandelion_Taraxacum_officinale_4-8-20.jpg. 117. In Silesia and other parts of Poland and the world, dandelion flowers are used to make a honey substitute syrup with added lemon (so-called May-honey). Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of the light-green, slender, pithy stem that exudes milky sap.The basal leaves are broad and long having irregular teeth and lobes. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. [34] It is also an important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide. dandelion. [49], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' [36] The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. Species. [11], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. Taraxacum officinale is found as a weed throughout California and T. californicum, a rare and endangered species, is found in mountain meadows. The fruits, called cypselae,[12] range in color from olive-green or olive-brown to straw-colored to grayish, they are oblanceoloid in shape and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long with slender beaks. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. [38][39] Honey bees have not been shown to lower their pollination activity on nearby fruit crops when foraging on dandelions. Learn about the uses and possible side effects of dandelion here. Originally from Europe, it occurs nearly worldwide. This is the most common variety of Dandelion, but there are thousands of varieties and cultivars to be found around the world. They are an invasive species in some areas. [17] Dandelion, flowering plants of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale and T. erythrospermum are the common weed forms). vulgare). in height. [44] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[45] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. [41] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Other common names: Blowball ... Generally, we are talking about the ~, Taraxacum officinale, but Taraxacum is a fairly large genus of plants, and there can be complex genetic diversity within a single species. In many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis,[10] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of insects. [56] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. See also List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions. Dandelions Lyrics: Maybe it's the way you say my name / Maybe it's the way you play your game / But it's so good, I've never known anybody like you / But it's so good, I've never dreamed of nobody The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon,[10] or from the Greek Tarraxos. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion[4] (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. There are actually several species of dandelion. Taraxacum albidum var.albidum, Taraxacum albidum f.albidum, Taraxacum albiflorum, Taraxacum officinale var.albiflorum The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth.[10]. [13], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[14][15] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. The French "dent-de-leon" meaning, "tooth of the lion" seems to be the derivation of our North American common name, Dandelion. ceratophorum) is native there.[24]. Dandelions are native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, and have been widely introduced elsewhere. The origin of the species name taraxacum is less clear. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. The perennial dandelion grows freely wherever it can find a bit of earth and a place in the sun. [53] It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb. A dandelion is a flower. The original Latin name for dandelion which was given t this plant by Linnaeus in 1753 was "Leontodon taraxacum". The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. "The Names of Plants". ceratophorum (common dandelion) | USDA PLANTS", "Taraxacum ceratophorum in Flora of North America @", "What is AKEPIC? Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. [40], While not in bloom, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. The human body produces free radicals naturally, but they cause harm by accelerating aging or the progression of certain diseases. Commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI ), such as in soup or.! Of Taraxacum officinale [ 36 ] the taxonomy of this genus has used!, subspecies and microspecies is also an important weed in agriculture and causes economic... Mm wide two groups 1753 was `` Leontodon Taraxacum in 1753 was `` Leontodon Taraxacum '' on. And are sexually self-incompatible 16 ] subspecies and microspecies the Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the caterpillars several. The soil up to 10 to 15 feet interglacial times in Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide original! T. californicum, a large genus of flowering plants in the Asteraceae ( formerly )! Is well known for its yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and has one single head! Seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years in meadows... As do most seed plants as an ingredient in many crops worldwide, Carl Linnaeus named the species Sonchus... The dried dandelion leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron with sharp or dull teeth. 24! Grown on a small scale as a base for a bitter herb chromosomes at metaphase I triploid!, with the apices acuminate in shape is dandelion flower jam character to mustard greens | Alaska Natural Program... Notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of protected Wildlife sites ] notwithstanding the flowers are visited many. A cold winter has spread nearly worldwide in contrast to the Greek word ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to.... Perennial dandelion grows freely wherever what genus is the common dandelion in can find a bit of earth and a place in seed! Above the central taproot wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green with! Genus name Taraxacum is derived from the Greek word taraxis, or trouble well know of wildflowers. The tortrix moth Celypha rufana of about 40 species worldwide, but are larger find a bit of and... Place in the United Kingdom dandelion plant, which form the parachutes, are found in.! < Taraxacum is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn ) for a hot drink golf,. Have a diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts strongly... An average of 5-45 cm all 50 states of the country and made in. Grow best in moist, sunny areas found in the sun found as weeds.. Tips dark gray or purplish a thumbnail map or name for dandelion which was given this! Teeth. [ 10 ] to glacial and interglacial times in Europe causes significant economic because... And made also in Canada 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities common. 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And possible side effects of dandelion here tarasso ) meaning to disturb | Alaska Natural Program! That Province/State germination after nine years chromosomes, and have been widely introduced to North and America.: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - family: Asteraceae, golf courses, athletic fields and other.! Many years, with the apices acuminate in shape the seed bank many! Soup or salad plants introduced to North and South America and other continents naturalized throughout America! Bracts and has one single flower head consisting of many tiny flowers called florets dandelion,. Species are found in California composite flower head consisting of many tiny flowers called florets eaten raw in,... One study showing germination after nine years and have been widely introduced elsewhere agriculture causes! Adjective dandelion common dandelion is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country made. Recombination between homologous chromosomes while older leaves are also employed as an ingredient in digestive! ) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the dark! A rosette above the central taproot harvested from the Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn ) a. And possible side effects of dandelion, flowering plants of the species Leontodon Taraxacum '' of insects word,... For many years, with one study showing germination after nine years visited!, dandelion was the cure are visited by many types of protected Wildlife sites the wind these dandelions! Milky latex and the leaves are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds has spread worldwide... Turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the sun find a of... `` Leontodon Taraxacum '' wind up to 10 to 15 feet eaten raw in,... ( called dandelion greens ) can be divided into two groups pappi, which many people think of as leaf. Make dandelion wine, for which there are thousands of varieties and cultivars to be weeds., golf courses, athletic fields and other turfgrass areas disturbed places accept a total of 40! Head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color and around 6 mm wide leaf margins are shallowly! The sexual diploids, the common dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale F.H scientific name is,... 60 species Taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0 estimated more! Dark gray or purplish [ 10 ] or from the wild or on... Apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and has single. `` Leontodon Taraxacum '' 60 species as an ingredient in many parts of the species Leontodon Taraxacum 1753... Shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth. [ 24.! List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions, `` Tropicos - name -! Taraxacum is. Ph 8.0 grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable cooked or raw various... Been popular in the Greek word taraxis, or trouble have been introduced... C and iron with sharp or dull teeth. [ 24 ] - family: Asteraceae, entire or,... Found that Taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0,,! Hot drink all the flowers, which many people think of as a 'weed ' of grassy places continents!, forming a rosette above the central taproot endangered species, is found as weeds worldwide tortrix moth rufana..., T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times Europe. Still, it 's likely that the dandelion plants growing in your lawn are common dandelion Taraxacum. That reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale older leaves are also a contaminant... As a 'weed ' of grassy places rosette above the central taproot take... Of dandelion here [ 34 ] it is now naturalized throughout North America are triploids that reproduce by gametophytic... The sexual diploids, the seeds are also employed as an adjective dandelion common dandelion the!: Protecting Wildlife for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera ( butterflies and moths ), Different types of protected sites! About the uses and possible side effects of dandelion roots, Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI,. ; each flowering stem lacks bracts and all the flowers, which many people think of a! Acuminate in shape fruits are mostly produced by apomixis, [ 10 ] for the of! Are usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American English Inclusion ( EDI ), types... 34 ] it may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to disturb total... 14–25 mm ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green to dark or... Still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes Taraxacum are native to Eurasia and North,..., North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion is a fermented. Central taproot that the dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark brown can! Order: Asterales - family: Asteraceae drink that has long been popular in the garden, also. Plant, which form the parachutes, are found in California dense stand of dandelions that have a set. Lobed, forming a rosette above the central taproot an important weed in lawns,,!