In an interview during the 29th Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Africa held at Abidjan, he stated that Ethiopia has been experiencing severe drought in particular in the drought-prone areas of North-East and the Eastern parts of the country where millions of people were in need of food support. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.org in any form. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no The strategy outlines responses to climate change through actions that aim for a … They would then repay in kind the same quality and amount of grain that they previously borrowed. This development status makes the country more vulnerable to climate variability and change. Why is the CO2 level lower in my house than outside? Do equations for groundwater flow refer to water density? Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. Habtemariam LT(1), Gandorfer M(2), Kassa GA(3), Heissenhuber A(3). (Photo: ©FAO/Sia Kambou), Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. Given the severity of the drought problem and the number of people who are in need of food support, unless we have this capacity, the effect with impact would have been catastrophic. However, quantitative evidence is lacking about the ability of farm-level adaptation options to offset the negative impacts of climate In conclusion, no matter what side of the global warming/climate change spectrum you are on, Ethiopia is on the side that recognizes global warming as being a result of human cause and an alarming situation for the country. Rural livelihood systems – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate. He further stated that the National Strategic Reserve mainly works through basic interests where storages in different parts of the country are well positioned to serve the whole country. One way to combat that is through installing conservation practices on farms, for instance using cover crops and low- and no-till planting methods to make the soil healthier, more stable, and reduce erosion," said Easton. Aid agencies warn food could run out for millions as failed rains stoked by El Nino ruin crops in east Africa . Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. The other issue we have is water both for livestock and people. Climate change in the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: implications for water resources and sediment transport, Climatic Change (2016). Coming on the heels of the historic COP21 Paris Agreement, 2016 was a year to demonstrate the commitment the World Bank Group has to support countries as they take forward their nationally determined contributions to address our global climate change challenge. 5. In view of formulation and implementation of the Climate Resilient Green Economy National Vision and Strategy, this programme responds to the need expressed by the different ministries and agencies of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia… Studies on the impact of climate change on growth and poverty in Ethiopia should focus on the agricultural sector for it is undoubtedly the most important, and sensitive, sector to climate change. and Terms of Use. This article is an open access publication The importance of National Strategic Reserve. Analysis of climate change in Northern Ethiopia: implications for agricultural production. Ethiopian agriculture currently accounts for close to 42 percent of Ethiopia’s output, employs 85 percent Strengthening Climate Change Collaboration in Ethiopia Ethiopia’s Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy is well respected nationally and internationally as a leading example of building economic resilience in the face of climate change. While climate change is and will continue to cause untold problems, nuances in climate-induced weather events could benefit the Blue Nile Basin with increased rainfall in the area. AICCRA activities will be concentrated in six countries —Ethiopia, Senegal, Ghana, Mali, Kenya, and Zambia— but its benefits will be realized region-wide. A soil mapping system in Ethiopia is providing the country’s farmers with localized, actionable data for making climate-smart farming decisions that boost productivity and leave a lower environmental footprint. ‘The way forward is for us to preparing ourselves for the worst case scenario, we are buying more grain from the international market, we are storing more grain, and we are procuring from the local market, in particular pulses to make sure that the daily diet requirement is fulfilled. October 10, 2016 Water gushes over falls in the Blue Nile River Basin in Ethiopia. 2, Abrham Belay. by Demamu Mesfin. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental threats facing our world in recent decades. As Ethiopia is dependent on rain–fed agriculture, it becomes one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. ADDIS ABABA, 16 November 2015 | Climate change is threatening to exacerbate health problems in Ethiopia, the World Health Organization warns in a new Climate and Health Country Profile 2015, published today. Adaptation of agriculture to climate change in semi-arid Borena, Ethiopia Stanley Karanja Ng’ang’a1,2,3 • Mark T. Van Wijk1 • Mariana C. Rufino4 • Ken E. Giller3 Received: 22 September 2014/Accepted: 25 February 2016 It is happening now and is already affecting mostly poor and vulnerable people all over the world. ‘It is a kind of stabilizing mechanism and it is also a kind of addressing emergency needs’, he confirmed. Climate change and violent extremism will be two of the major threats to the stability of states and societies in the next decades. Published on 25/02/2016, 10:28am. to climate change. "The sad irony is that climate change may be the catalyst Ethiopia needs to become a food-exporting country.". In Ethiopia, despite wide recognition of the impact of climate change on health, there is scanty information on the implication of climate variability on health making it difficult to develop evidence based adaptation strategy. 121, Issue. Faced with climate change and growth, Ethiopia's capital shores up its water supply. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia… The increased sediment has the potential to reduce the capacity of reservoirs and dams, making massive hydroelectric projects like Ethiopia's largest dam currently under construction, the Grand Renascence Dam, less efficient in storing the 65 billion cubic meters of water that could potentially turn its turbines. Expanding irrigation has helped the country in tackling the problem and compensating the loss from the main season with irrigation activities in moisture areas. Keywords: Climate Change, Agricultural Productivity, Migration, CGE Model, Ethiopia 1. KIROKA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA. The content is provided for information purposes only. The 2016 drought in Ethiopia caused scabies outbreak that affects more than 370,000 people in Amhara state. 2016 Aug;58(2):343-58. doi: 10.1007/s00267-016-0708-0. Climate variability and change make agricultural sector a risky venture for smallholders’ farmers. In addition, Ireland provided € 1,886,257 in 2016 in climate finance The brief includes an overview of Ethiopia … 1,*, Belay Simane. Climate Change Impact on Livelihood, Vulnerability and Coping Mechanisms: A Case Study of West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia @inproceedings{Alkan2009ClimateCI, title={Climate Change Impact on Livelihood, Vulnerability and Coping Mechanisms: A Case Study of West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia}, author={Johanna Alkan}, year={2009} } Studies on climate impacts and related adaptation strategies are becoming increasingly important to counteract the negative impacts of climate change. Climate change due to global warming is a world concern, particularly in Africa. We adapted a simple linear regression and interpolation to analyze, respectively, the trend and spatial distribution of the mean annual precipitation and … Mr. Tefera Derebew reiterated that, the resilience capacity they have built in Ethiopia for the last decade were able to mobilize all the necessary resources and capacities needed to manage the situation. According to Minister Derebew, the NSR purpose is to reserve the grain and whenever there is an emergency need, the government ministries, agencies and development partners even WFP would borrow from the strategic reserve. April 2016 Climate change is not just a problem for the future. Ethiopia seeks to attain a triple win of achieving middle income country status, carbon neutrality and climate resilient economy by year 2025. (2016) Hydrological Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Lake Tana’s Water Balance, Ethiopia. Climate Change Action Plan 2016–2020.” World Bank, Washington DC. Most previous Nile Basin climate impact studies have only focused on water availability, but the study conducted by the team at Virginia Tech was a first of its kind to to assess sediment transport, a big problem in the basin where some of the highest erosion rates in the world have been measured. Climate change is driving a humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia after chronic drought left millions of children at risk of malnutrition, according to the new head of aid agency Save the Children. One potential problem that the analysis identified was increased sediment transport in the rivers due to increased water flow. Assessing the Adaptive Capacity of Households to Climate Change in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia . The recently released fifth IPCC report indicates a high agreement among global actors on the need to integrate climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR). 2. Though the economic reform made after the political change in 1991 brought significant improvements in the economy, Ethiopia is still one of the least developed countries (LDCs) in the World. Medical Xpress covers all medical research advances and health news, Tech Xplore covers the latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, Science X Network offers the most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. or, by Virginia Tech. 5G and future 6G terahertz absorbed by water vapour = heating? Ute Schmiedel. Six million children are in danger - facing hunger, disease and lack of water. In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia. Climate change image caption Some government offices have been shut down to allow civil servants to take part in the campaign Ethiopia has planted more than 350 million trees in a … We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. A mathematical model incorporating rainfall and temperature is constructed to study the transmission dynamics of malar… Virginia Tech researchers recently found that the region may benefit from increased water availability due to climate change. Factors Influencing Smallholder Farmers' Climate Change Perceptions: A Study from Farmers in Ethiopia. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds Metz B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA), pp. Small-scale farmers and pastoralists in Ethiopia are likely to bear the brunt of the negative impacts of climate change in the region, which will include increased poverty, water scarcity, and food insecurity, according to a new Oxfam International report released today. 6 Min Read. It was held in Marrakech, Morocco, on 7–18 November 2016. We make sure this rotation is maintained’, said Tefera Derebew. In many countries in the continent (Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, etc.) In the 1970s and 1980s, famine became militarized as first the government of Haile Selassie and later that of the Derg sought to defeat armed movements seeking their downfall in areas affected by famine. 4 and . 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. Drought conditions have killed livestock in Ethiopia as the country enters a humanitarian crisis (Pic: Abiy Getahun/Oxfam) By Alex Pashley. Ethiopia faces numerous development challenges that exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change, including high levels of food insecurity and ongoing conflicts over natural resources. "Ethiopia could experience increased water accessibility making growing seasons longer and potentially allowing for two crops to be grown per year," said Moges Wagena, from Assosa, Ethiopia. The findings of the study were recently published in the journal Climatic Change. Ethiopia is facing one of the worst droughts in decades. Wagena is first author on the paper and also associated with the Abay Basin Authority, a water resource management entity for one of Ethiopia's 12 water basins. Hand weeding a rice paddy forms part of the System of Rice Intensification method in this climate-smart agriculture project. Introduction The scientific discourse on climate change in the last decade has made two important conclusions. IOM; … Here are the average temperatures. Water availability in the Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia may increase in coming decades due to global climate change. Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. The period from March to May, as often happens in Ethiopia, is the warmest of the year, albeit by a few degrees. Fighting Climate Change: Helping Ethiopian Farmers Adapt to Drought and Flooding Format News and Press Release Source. The Greater Horn of Africa is the eastern-most corner of the African continent, comprised of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan and South Sudan. The sensitivity of vector borne diseases like malaria to climate continues to raise considerable concern over the implications of climate change on future disease dynamics. This document is subject to copyright. This strategy, along with its Paris Agreement Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), is currently under revision., is … Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox. Ethiopia ET1630 10/28/2016 Voluntary Public . The first is that climate climate change has significantly increased instability by over-stretching the already limited capacity of governments to respond. This drought is the most severe one that Ethiopia has faced in 50 years, according to the Minister. The strategic reserve would buy from smallholder farmers and when the prices rise, the reserve would release supplies to the market thus helping in controlling prices. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. ‘We have been able to manage the grain liquidity we borrow from the reserve; we supply it in relatively low logistics costs, timely delivery and right amount per each and every individual’s need. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy On top of that, we are able to buy from the international market more grain that we store while the available reserves can be used. Despite the many disastrous impacts of climate change, there are some regions of the globe that might benefit from hotter temperatures. To tackle these problems, DFID funds building adaptation to climate change in health in least developed countries through resilient WASH project to be implemented by the Ministry of Health (WHO) in four countries. Nigatu, Z. , Rientjes, T. and Haile, A. Publications are sorted by the categories represented below, and may also be sub-categorized by country, region and publication year. The sensitivity of vector borne diseases like malaria to climate continues to raise considerable concern over the implications of climate change on future disease dynamics. Your opinions are important to us. COVER PHOTOGRAPH ©FAO/D. Audio of Interview with Mr. Tefera Derebew, FAO Director-General's meeting with Ethiopia's Minister for Agriculture, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva meeting with Tefera Derbew Minister for Agriculture of Ethiopia. These tools were developed as part of the DFID-funded project on “Building adaptation to climate change in health in least developed countries through resilient WASH” which was implemented from 2013-2018 in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal and Tanzania. July 2016 This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture production, livestock, water resources and human health. Previously, studies that looked only at temperature and precipitation from the climate models found an increased rate of water availability of just 10 percent, where Easton and Wagena found potentially 20 to 30 percent more streamflow available in the region in the coming decades. Climate change projections for Ethiopia showed that, compared to the 1961-1990 normal, mean annual temperature will increase in the range of 0.9–1.1°C by This will take us up to the end of December 2016’, he added. This paper presents an assessment of smallholder farmers’ perceptions of climate variability and change, associated impacts on agricultural sector and the adaptive responses given in Fincha’a sub-basin of the Blue Nile River Basin of Ethiopia… The second purpose of the National Strategic Reserve is to address prices fluctuation in the market and protect the farmer whenever there is a significant fall in price. part may be reproduced without the written permission. Increased temperatures, intense heatwaves, more extreme rainfall, floods and landslides, are expected to intensify existing challenges of communicable diseases, food insecurity … It appears that most of the people of Ethiopia take climate change seriously and have come to understand the severity the effects will have on their everyday lives. 497–540. Throughout the year, 1,200 mm (49 in) of rain fall, with a maximum from June to September, which is the only remarkably rainy period. Wagena is one of Easton's doctoral candidates in the Department of Biological Systems Engineering, housed in both the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Engineering. 1. In this region, effective communication of weather and climate information is a matter of life and death. Climate change 'threatens Nile, Limpopo rivers', Near-atomic-scale analysis of frozen water, Characterizing the time-dependent material properties of protein condensates, Some droughts during the Indian monsoon are due to unique North Atlantic disturbances, Network isotopy: A framework to study the 3-D layouts of physical networks, Weathered microplastics found to be more easily absorbed by mouse cells than pristine microplastics. Environ Manage. The problem of malaria vectors shifting from their traditional locations to invade new zones is of important concern. Epub 2016 May 14. Mw7.0 Greek islands off the coast of western Turkey, Meridional Heat Transfer - Ocean and Atmosphere, Today's Climate Change and the Permian-Triassic Boundary, Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia. The comprehensive multi-sector update is part of Ethiopia’s second national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ahead of the UN climate … people reached in climate change and food and nutrition security in CARE’s projects and programs . This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. ‘I think we are in the right direction, The main cropping season will run from June to September 2016; so, once we produce, we’ll be able to solve the problem. Therefore, this study analyzed farmers’ agricultural land vulnerability to climate change in four … Both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 4 January 2016 — Ethiopia has outlined its latest progress and challenges on its efforts to address the country’s vulnerability to climate change. American Journal of Climate … The coverage of available observation sites and rain gauges for climate is poor in Ethiopia (Cattani et al. Understanding climate as a driver of food insecurity in Ethiopia Kirsty Lewis1,2 Received: 30 December 2016/Accepted: 18 July 2017/Published online: 10 August 2017 # The Author(s) 2017. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. In tackling the El Nino effect in Ethiopia, this strategic reserve has played a considerable role. The 2016 United Nations Climate Change Conference was an international meeting of political leaders and activists to discuss environmental issues. The work was funded by the World Bank and the International Water Management Institute. : "Greater water availability is certainly a positive outcome, but this is countered by more sediment. Hayduk The designations employed and the presentation of material in this … Ethiopia. In fiscal year 2019 . It could also lead to increased crop production, spur massive hydroelectric power projects, and foster irrigation development in the region. So far, Ethiopia has been able to build 450 thousand metric tons capacity and working at taking it to the level of 1.5 million metric ton. Department of Environmental Science, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, P.O. Ethiopia has also developed a strategic program for climate resilience under the PPCR. The team coupled hydrologic models with bias-corrected and downscaled Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 models, known as CMIP5, for the project. “In this regard, the National Strategic Reserve (NSR) capacity that we have built played a crucial role in, actually, managing our grain liquidity problem and timely delivery of food to our people, equally distributed,” he explained. Aid Groups In Ethiopia Reshape Approach In New Era Of Climate Change Ethiopia has long been associated with extreme drought that leaves millions in need of food. Corpus ID: 32006272. In Ethiopia, climate change is likely to affect crop yields negatively and therefore food security. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. Ethiopia is faced with increasingly unpredictable rains, and in some years the complete failure of seasonal rains – occurrences that are linked to climate change. The 2016 United Nations Climate Change Conference was an international meeting of political leaders and activists to discuss environmental issues. Countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Zambia Source: World Bank WASHINGTON, December 10, 2020 - The World Bank Board of Directors today approved a $60 million International Development Association (IDA)* grant to help African countries strengthen the resilience of their agricultural sectors to the threat posed by climate change. PDF | On Jan 26, 2019, Dessalegn Lamesegn published Review on effects of climate change on livestock production in Ethiopia | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The Ethiopian authorities are undertaking irrigation activities under smallholder farmers, especially in the lowlands which are pastoral and drought-prone areas. Lemn Sissay's inspiring poem for WaterAid highlights the impact of climate change in Ethiopia Written ... WaterAid to create a new thought-provoking poem telling the story of communities like Frat in his maternal homeland of Ethiopia, where people's lives and livelihoods are threatened by the changing climate. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. However, there remains little local level evidence on how DRR and CCA could be linked, the sorts of adjustments that are required for the two concepts to be integrated and the challenges ahead. In Ethiopia, climate change is likely to affect crop yields negatively and therefore food security. 8 April 2016, Abidjan - The Ethiopian minister of agriculture, Mr. Tefera Derebew says, his country has put in place measures to address the occurrence of El Nino which recently affected their country as a result of climate change. The research team used a suite of climate and hydrologic models to predict the impact of climate change on water availability and sediment transport in the Blue Nile. "It's interesting, because much of the Blue Nile Basin is well above 5,000 feet in elevation, giving it pretty much an ideal climate for agriculture with low humidity, low disease and pest pressure, and potentially great water availability, which could spur development," said Easton. In this study, precipitation and temperature variables are taken as a proxy to assess and quantify the long-term climate change and drought in the Horn of Africa (HOA) (1930–2014). Published online: 02 November 2016; Summary. Helle Thorning-Schmidt, formerly Denmark’s prime minister, said the east African state desperately needed funds to tackle its worst … So, we are aggressively doing infrastructure development, and at the same time, developing underground water for better supplying’, explained Tefera Derebew. 8 April 2016, Abidjan - The Ethiopian minister of agriculture, Mr. Tefera Derebew says, his country has put in place measures to address the occurrence of El Nino which recently affected their country as a result of climate change. Ethiopia’s mitigation efforts are rooted in its “Climate Resilient Green Economy” (CRGE) strategy, published in 2011. If ever there was a year to make significant progress on forest conservation and climate change, it was 2016. The team also included Andrew Sommerlot, another of Easton's doctoral candidates; Daniel Fuka, a post-doctoral student working with Easton; researchers from the University of Maryland; and the International Water Management Institute, Nile Basin Office. The conference incorporated the twenty-second Conference of the Parties (COP22), the twelfth meeting of the … In Ethiopia, climate change has been experienced for a long time; there have been fifteen serious famines in the past 50 years alone. EthioSIS aims to change that, by providing farmers with localized, actionable data for making climate-smart farming decisions that boost productivity, improve resilience and also leave a lower environmental footprint. In Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. 3, John W. Recha. 3-4, p. 733. Overview of Climate Finance in Ethiopia in 2016 In 2016, Ireland provided a total of € 14,178,725 to Ethiopia in climate finance through its bilateral aid programme. googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1449240174198-2'); }); A team of researchers from Virginia Tech have predicted that water availability in the Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia may increase in coming decades due to global climate change. The problem of malaria vectors shifting from their traditional locations to invade new zones is of important concern. They are also trying to utilize the underground water so that irrigation be possible both for forage and crop production; farming and livelihoods systems of the pastoralists would also improve under such intervention. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. "For all the catastrophic impacts of climate change, there are some silver linings," said Zach Easton, associate professor of biological systems engineering. Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy and complex. The climate data available for comparing with these reported events also has its limitations. Aid Groups In Ethiopia Reshape Approach In New Era Of Climate Change Ethiopia has long been associated with extreme drought that leaves … By Dagim Terefe. diseases most likely to be exacerbated by climate change. CrossRef; Google Scholar; Smith, Alex Snapp, Sieglinde Dimes, John Gwenambira, Chiwimbo and Chikowo, Regis 2016. More information: Moges B. Wagena et al. Article Type: Review This review highlights climate change and its drivers, impacts, and mitigation and adaptation options in Ethiopia. Author and broadcaster Lemn Sissay MBE has collaborated with WaterAid to create a new thought-provoking poem telling the story of communities like Frat in his maternal homeland of Ethiopia, where people's lives and livelihoods are threatened by the changing climate. The result of extensive collaboration among government and other stakeholder groups, this strategy can serve as a roadmap for mainstreaming climate change across sectors and investing in priority areas, such as climate smart agriculture and infrastructure. CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2016. 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