Epicurus thinks that someone who has rid himself of superstition and knows that the "good is readily attainable" and that the "bad is readily endurable" takes pleasure in thinking about how his life is going. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Allen Neuringer, Department of Psychology, Reed College, 3203 S. E. Woodstock Blvd., Portland, Oregon 97202. E-mail address: allen.neuringer@reed.edu. Epicurus believed that if we conquered the fear of death, the afterlife, and the gods we would be able to reach genuine happiness. He tried to teach others to pursue similar goals. 3. This paper examines similarities in the works of Epicurus, an ancient Greek philosopher, and B. F. Skinner, a behavioral psychologist. imperturbability. The Good Life Is a Life of Pleasure Epicurus A Greek, 341/2 – 270 BC A more moderate hedonist than Aristippus. ), a Greek philosopher, accepted the materialistic atomism of Democritus but stressed the achievement of happiness rather than of knowledge as the highest goal of life.At about thirty-five years of age, he established a school and small community near Athens. Especially, he denied any absolute validity to Justice and to Law, and inculcated abstention from the active duties of citizenship. [62] [63] [64] [6] He idiosyncratically defined "pleasure" as the absence of suffering [63] [6] and taught that all humans should seek to attain the state of ataraxia , meaning "untroubledness", a state in which the person is completely free from all pain or suffering. The term hedonism in philosophy refers to the notion that pleasure is the most important pursuit of mankind and the source of all that is good. The Good Life Handbook is a rendering of Enchiridion in plain English. Epicurus and B. F. Skinner: In search of the good life. Epicurus’ Philosophy on a Good Life just from $13,9 / page. It is a concise summary of the teachings of Epictetus, as transcribed and later summarized by his student Flavius Arrian. He was a man who knew that he was the master of his own life, the sole captain of his ship. Epicurus was a philosopher who lived in ancient Greece over 2000 years ago (circa 300BCE). Epicureanism argued that pleasure was the chief good in life. He thought the good life could be achieved through satisfaction that both body and mind are at peace. It’s a good thing he was level-headed about posterity: We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as quite certain to come nor despair of it … Repeatedly he claims that pleasure is the highest and only good. In that same sense, one cannot have a good life without pleasure. Epicurus died in 270BC, but humanity has continued to ask the question “If God exists and is good, why does evil exist?” Left unaddressed, this question can erode a person’s faith. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Allen Neuringer, Department of Psychology, Reed College, 3203 S. E. Woodstock Blvd., Portland, Oregon 97202. And this was the completion! Based on a worldview rooted in the reality of senses, feelings, natural dispositions, life experiences, and perceptions, this philosophy teaches us to trust our feelings, and use logic to make decisions only after we acknowledge our natural desires. Some of the greatest producers of pain and fear are religion and death. Allen Neuringer. On the contrary, Epicurus both preached and practiced the simple life, and the cultivation of the ordinary virtues, through under utilitarian sanctions which led him to extreme unorthodoxy in some particulars. He agrees with Socrates that to live the good life one must be a morally good person. Epicurus (341 - 270 B.C.E. Pleasure is the beginning and the end of the blessed [Good?] Reed College . No elitist he. And he agrees with Epicurus that a happy life will involve many and varied pleasurable experiences. Reed College. Of course there is both bodily or physical pain and there is psychological pain. Epicurus spent most of his early life on the island of Samos, an Athenian settlement off the Aegean peninsula. fulfilled life on the basis of human reason and experience without relying on the supernatural, then Epicurus can be seen as a precursor to our modern conception of the good life. Pleasure is often confused with pure hedonism, which is most certainly not what Epicurus was promoting. Rather, he connected pleasure, true pleasure, with the concept of living the good life. VIII—Epicurus on Pleasure, a Complete Life, and Death: A Defence. 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