This includes 26 out of 93 dioceses and 18 out of 29 apostolic prefectures. Both China and India are among the countries with the most total Christians, as these minority populations number in the tens of millions. Key findings: Revival: Christianity in China has expanded rapidly since 1980, reaching an estimated population of 58 million Protestants and 12 million Catholics as of 2014, split evenly between registered and unregistered churches. 4 jurisdictions in Hebei The Ecclesiastical Province of Lanzhou roughly covers the territory of Gansu. However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shaanxi province. Note that Xinjiang is covered by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang-Urumqi and Qinghai by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xining. China ranked 17 among the world’s persecutors of Christians, lower than several nominal democracies such as India and Nigeria due largely to a lack of civil-society-driven mob attacks on Christian communities. Churches in China - Here are some of the most spectacular chures in China. However, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang (also referred to as Yuncheng or Jiangzhou) has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan, but is still exempt. Churches are being monitored and closed down, whether they are independent or part of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement, the officially sanctioned Protestant church in China,” Open Doors said in a statement. 1 jurisdiction in Inner Mongolia The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanning roughly covers the territory of Guangxi. The province of Suiyuan is described as the province of Mongolia, and the province of Shenyang as the province of Manchuria. This year, China ranked 17th – the first time in a decade that the communist country has re-entered the top 20. For example, according to the Holy See, Hunan proince exists of one archdiocese, three dioceses and four apostolic prefectures. [1] Additionally, the Christian communities in these two countries have seen significant growth throughout the last century. Furthermore, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County (Henan province) belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui (Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng). Also, note that the diocese of Beihai, which is located in Guangxi, is part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangdong. The Ecclesiastical Province of Anqing roughly covers the territory of Anhui province. This is a list of Catholic churches in China. Uninformed Western Christians attend a service at a gleaming new church building in China, don't understand what was preached in Chinese, but return home and declare that the persecution of Christian is a thing of the past in China. Except for the diocese of Kangding, which also covers Tibet, all dioceses are restricted to territory within a single province. The year 2018 saw an unprecedented increase of religious persecution in China. Many dioceses have been merged; some provinces are only served by a single diocese. Hankou has been merged with Wuchang and Hanyang to form Wuhan in 1927. This results in the following list of dioceses: The CPCA has abolished and merged: Hong Kong is multicultural with a large expat community. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng, but is still exempt. Shandongs Ningjin County also belongs to the diocese of Jingxian. Here is the truth about the churches in China. Harbin is also the seat of the Eastern Catholic Russian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Harbin, which, however, has been vacant since 1939 and only exists on paper. In total the CPCA has 104 dioceses, whereas according to the Holy See, Mainland China has 143 jurisdictions. However, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui. Furthermore, the diocese of Yanji (in Jilin) also covers a very small part of Heilongjiang. At this moment, this part of the diocese is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei. In Guangdong and Zhejiang, no dioceses were abolished, but new diocese were established. Opening Time: 08:30-17:00 Chinese woman, phone in hand, 2020 . The CPCA has established: This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 15:44. In Guangxi, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Guilin. During the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, all religions were repressed. Due to the non-recognition of the People's Republic of China, however, the authority of the Taipei-based Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference is effectively limited to the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu. The term “China” has to be understood as including Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan in its 1949 provincial boundaries and Mainland China as effectively controlled by the People's Republic of China. Recently, it was reported that Chinese officials ordered dozens of churches to replace crosses with the five-pointed star, the symbol featured on the country’s flag to represent the CCP and its role in the nation. 2 jurisdictions in Guizhou 3 jurisdictions in Guangxi 2 jurisdictions in Shanxi. 3 jurisdictions in Liaoning In 2015, more than 500 Christians were arrested because of operating a house church. Note that Kinmen belongs to the diocese of Xiamen, but is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei.[1]. 2 jurisdictions in Fujian Heilongjiang is also exempt, being administered by three apostolic prefectures, with the exception of some parts of Mudanjiang, which belong to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Yanji, which is located in Jilin province (Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang). There is an Apostolic Nunciature as papal diplomatic representation (embassy-level) to China, in Taipei, national capital of Taiwan, also charged with PRC, Hong Kong and Macau. Jan 26, 2021 by Jill. The church in China continues to see extraordinary growth, however life for Christians is anything but straightforward, and recent years has seen an increase in persecution. See: List of cathedrals in China#Roman Catholic, List of cathedrals in China#Roman Catholic, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Beijing, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Nanjing, Immaculate Conception Cathedral of Hangzhou, Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Beijing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Catholic_churches_in_China&oldid=825159951, Lists of religious buildings and structures in China, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 February 2018, at 20:52. Of all the cathedrals and churches located in Beijing the Xishiku Romanesque Revival church that is one of the four historic Catholic churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Beijing It is located in the Dongcheng District was formerly in the French Legation of Beijing It was built in 1901. Some churches in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, have also been ordered to stop Sunday school programs offered to minors. The Ecclesiastical Province of Guangzhou roughly covers Guangdong and Hong Kong. The Ecclesiastical Province of Hangzhou roughly covers the territory of Zhejiang. The structure of dioceses of the CPCA is not the same one as the one of the Holy See. As a general guideline, however, the ecclesiastical provinces largely correspond with the following civil provinces: The ecclesiastical jurisdictions in Hainan, Macao, Qinghai and Xinjiang are all exempt, though Macao is a diocese (the others are apostolic prefectures or apostolic administrations). However, these two names are not used anymore. In Yunnan province, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong. Now China Says Christians Are Spreading COVID-19 Near Beijing. However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shandong province. In general, Chinese prefectures have no more than one diocese, but there are exceptions: the prefecture of Baoding is divided in the Diocese of Baoding and the Diocese of Anguo. Here is a complete list and the pictures of the demolitions. Originally, the ecclesiastical provinces were closely aligned with the civil provinces of China. The emergency that dominated the globe during the past year — the novel coronavirus — also dominated the countries of the World Watch List published by Open Doors International today (Jan 13) and the lives of the estimated 340 million Christians who, it says, live under pressure within them. Suppressed without 'direct' successor (all in continental China) : (some had their title preserved when merged into another). In total, 5 new CPCA jurisdictions have been established, all dioceses. There are at least 60 million Christians in China, spanning rural and urban areas. This year, China ranked 17th - the first time in a decade that the communist country has re-entered the top 20. China’s restrictions on Christmas come amid a broader crackdown on underground churches, Christians and church leaders. 2 jurisdictions in Jiangsu In the course of time, the CPCA has established five new dioceses (the Diocese of Jincheng and the Diocese of Xinzhou in Shanxi, the Diocese of Bayannur and the Diocese of Baotou in Inner Mongolia, and the Diocese of Zhanjiang in Guangdong. China's ruling Communist Party has carried out a widespread clampdown on all religious institutions in recent years. 3 jurisdictions in Heilongjiang 3 jurisdictions in Anhui In the Apostolic Constitution of 11 April 1946, all provinces are named by the name of the civil province as well as by the name of the archdiocese. The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng is almost equal to that of Henan province. Different from the others, this one has had Chinese priests since inception. Furthermore, the Diocese of Xiwanzi belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Suiyuan (Inner Mongolia), even though its seat is located in Hebei province. Suiyuan is now known as Hohhot; the dioceses roughly cover Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, though the diocese of Xiwanzi is actually located in Hebei. While the communist country ranked 23rd on the list, roughly 100 million Christians have been affected by what Curry called "a blueprint for dictators around the world" that China … Titular Patriarchal See of All the East was suppressed in 1370 after a single incumbent, the Archbishop of Khanbalik. Apart from these 5, the CPCA has also established a new diocese in Hebei, the Diocese of Chengde, but this diocese was recognized by the Holy See in 2018. For example, many dioceses have been merged, and the difference between archdioceses, dioceses, apostolic prefectures and apostolic administrations has been abolished. https://www.opendoorsusa.org/christian-persecution/world-watch-list/china In 2016, this figure rose to 600. The Ecclesiastical Province of Guiyang roughly covers the territory of Guizhou. Note that the archdiocese is located in Kaifeng, and not in Zhengzhou, the provincial capital of Henan since 1954. In Fujian province, two exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Jian'ou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Shaowu. Apart from the dioceses, Shandong province also has three apostolic prefectures: the Apostolic Prefecture of Weihai, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yiduxian (Qingzhou) and the Apostolic Prefecture of Linqing. In 2020, China was ranked 23rd, meaning that it moved up six spots in a single year. But according to national statistics from the China State Council, Protestant Christians make up only an estimated 3% of China’s population and number around 38 million people, The Economist reports. The archdiocese is located in Anqing, even though Hefei has been the provincial capital since the 1940s - in fact, no diocese is located in Hefei. Share Tweet . Prayers for Christians in China at the start of the Chinese New Year. 7 jurisdictions in Hunan The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing is largely equal to that of Hebei province, when including Beijing and Tianjin. According to a Christian rights group, China Aid, tens of thousands of Christians have seriously suffered under the government’s crackdown on underground churches between 2012 and 2016. 1. Most former jurisdictions have current successor sees (although many are vacant). In Hunan province, five exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Baoqing, the Apostolic Prefecture of Lixian, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xiangtan, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yongzhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Yueyang. As one of the 10 famous churches in Beijing, it was a Christian one built up in 1904 and located at the busy intersection of Zhushikou Xidajie and Qianmen Dajie. Growth has been evident among urban educated professionals and wealthy entrepreneurs. However, the Diocese of Chifeng belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang, but is located in Inner Mongolia. However, names of dioceses may have been changed, dioceses may have been elevated, and the boundaries of dioceses may have changed. The Catholic Church in China comprises 152 Latin jurisdictions: Furthermore, the Eastern Catholic (Byzantine rite) Russian Greek Catholic Church has an exempt Apostolic exarchate for China in Harbin. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Roman_Catholic_Dioceses_in_China Christianity in China - Current statistics, issues, including persecution, and status of Christianity in China. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yixian has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing, but is still exempt. Xie Huanchi/Xinhua via AP. Secondly, the dioceses are structured according to the administrative divisions of the PRC. Current Latin provinces and dioceses in PR China incl. People looking for English speaking churches in Hong Kong will find dozens to choose from. It has, however, been vacant since 1939. 06th Feb 2019. By Mark Tapscott Jan 26, 2021 11:06 AM ET . Apart from the dioceses, two exempt jurisdictions exist, the Apostolic Prefecture of Shashi and the Apostolic Prefecture of Suixian. In the following provinces, no new dioceses were established and existing dioceses were not abolished: Beijing, Chongqing, Gansu, Hainan, Henan, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Sichuan, Tianjin, Tibet, Xinjiang, Yunnan and Zhejiang. In total, 44 Holy See jurisdictions have been abolished and merged. The Ecclesiastical Province of Kunming roughly covers the territory of Yunnan. New government data indicate the number of Christians in China to be significantly higher than it previously reported. The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan is almost equal to that of Shanxi province. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Catholic_churches_in_China The list includes orders to “intensify patriotic education” and “study China’s religious policies.” Churches are also compelled to promote the so-called “four requirements” campaign that began in 2018 to advance the “sinicization” of religion, in which non-Chinese cultures assimilate to Chinese influence. The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanjing roughly covers the territory of Jiangsu and Shanghai. Similarly, the Catholic Church in China has grown from 3 million members to over 12 million during the same 50-year period. The Catholic Church recognizes the Republic of China as the sole government for all of China; nevertheless, it does not recognize all of its territorial claims. This into account, the diocese of Hunan Province Kunming roughly covers the territory of.... 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